The Shabat (Saturday) is one of the fundamental symbols of Judaism. The celebration of the Shabat comes from the Ten Commandments: “…remember the Saturday to sanctify it. Six days you'll work and accomplish your duties, but the seventh day, Saturday, you'll consecrate it to your G'd. The Kabalat Shabat is the welcome to Saturday, is the ceremony that marks Shabat's arrival.
It is done n the temple and has psalms specially selected for the occasion. The ritual includes the “Leja dodi”, one of the most important poetic creations, whose origin goes back from the Middle Age, at the mystic city of Tzfat (at the north of Israel); the Shabat is written as a bride whose groom – Israel People- receives her “Boí kalá” (welcome the bride – Shabat)
The candles lighting represents the beginning of Shabat. The Shabat candles became the symbol of “Shabat welcome” at home. It is used to light two candles: One for the “zajor” (recall) precept and another for “shamor” (take care of) Shabat day, to sanctify it. There are people that use to light a candle foe each family member.